# Passive portfolio strategy

## A strategy that involves minimal expectational input, and instead relies on diversification to match the performance of some market index. A passive strategy assumes that the marketplace will reflect all available information in the price paid for securities, and therefore, does not attempt to find mispriced securities. |

## Similar financial terms

Passive portfolioA market index portfolio.

Passive investment management

Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market index without attempting to search out mispriced securities.

Efficient portfolio

A portfolio that provides the superior expected return for a given level of risk

Vega-neutral portfolio

A vega-neutral portfolio has an asset combination which implies a vega of zero.

Zero-beta portfolio

A zero-beta portfolio is constructed to have zero systematic risk, similar to the risk-free asset, that is, having a beta of zero. (i.e. in most cases, we assume the beta of debt to be zero).

Zero-investment portfolio

A zero-investment portfolio consists of zero net value because of a balanced establishment between long and short position, usually in the context of an arbitrage strategy.

Active portfolio strategy

A strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a better performance than a portfolio that is simply diversified broadly. Related: passive portfolio strategy.

Well diversified portfolio

A portfolio spread out over many securities in such a way that the weight in any security is small. The risk of a well-diversified portfolio closely approximates the systemic risk of the overall market, the unsystematic risk of each security having been diversified out of the portfolio.

Weighted average portfolio yield

The weighted average of the yield of all the bonds in a portfolio.

Tilted portfolio

An indexing strategy that is linked to active management through the emphasis of a particular industry sector, selected performance factors such as earnings momentum, dividend yield, P/E ratio, or selected economic factors such as interest rates and inflation.

Structured portfolio strategy

A strategy in which a portfolio is designed to achieve the performance of some predetermined liabilities that must be paid out in the future.

Replicating portfolio

A portfolio constructed to match an index or benchmark.

Portfolio variance

Weighted sum of the covariance and variances of the assets in a portfolio.

Portfolio turnover rate

For an investment company, an annualized rate found by dividing the lesser of purchases and sales by the average of portfolio assets.

Portfolio separation theorem

An investor's choice of a risky investment portfolio is separate from his attitude towards risk.

Portfolio opportunity set

The expected return/standard deviation pairs of all portfolios that can be constructed from a given set of assets.

Portfolio internal rate of return

The rate of return computed by first determining the cash flows for all the bonds in the portfolio and then finding the interest rate that will make the present value of the cash flows equal to the market value of the portfolio.

Portfolio insurance

A strategy using a leveraged portfolio in the underlying stock to create a synthetic put option. The strategy's goal is to ensure that the value of the portfolio does not fall below a certain level.

Portfolio

A collection of investments, real and/or financial.

Optimal portfolio

An efficient portfolio most preferred by an investor because its risk/reward characteristics approximate the investor's utility function. A portfolio that maximizes an investor's preferences with respect to return and risk.

Normal portfolio

A customized benchmark that includes all the securities from which a manager normally chooses, weighted as the manager would weight them in a portfolio.

Modern portfolio theory

Principles underlying the analysis and evaluation of rational portfolio choices based on risk-return trade-offs and efficient diversification.

Minimum-variance portfolio

The portfolio of risky assets with lowest variance.

Markowitz efficient set of portfolios

The collection of all efficient portfolios, graphically referred to as the Markowitz efficient frontier.

Markowitz efficient portfolio

Also called a mean-variance efficient portfolio, a portfolio that has the highest expected return at a given level of risk.

Market portfolio

A portfolio consisting of all assets available to investors, with each asset held -in proportion to its market value relative to the total market value of all assets.

Leveraged portfolio

A portfolio that includes risky assets purchased with funds borrowed.

Complete portfolio

The entire portfolio, including risky and risk-free assets.

Stock replacement strategy

A strategy for enhancing a portfolio's return, employed when the futures contract is expensive based on its theoretical price, involving a swap between the futures, treasury bills portfolio and a stock portfolio.

Spread strategy

Spreading is a strategy that involves a position in one or more options so that the cost of buying an option is funded entirely or in part by selling another option in the same underlying.

Randomized strategy

A strategy of introducing into the decision-making process a random element that is designed to reduce the information content of the decision-maker's observed choices.

Protective put buying strategy

A strategy that involves buying a put option on the underlying security that is held in a portfolio.

Pac-Man strategy

Takeover defense strategy in which the prospective acquiree retaliates against the acquirer's tender offer by launching its own tender offer for the other firm.

Overlay strategy

A strategy of using futures for asset allocation by pension sponsors to avoid disrupting the activities of money managers.

Ladder strategy

A bond portfolio strategy in which the portfolio is constructed to have approximately equal amounts invested in every maturity within a given range.

Exit strategy

Refers to the way in which investors and founders can "exit", i.e. leave their company, with a cash return on their investment - e.g. by going public or being acquired or being bought out by other shareholders.

Barbell strategy

A strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated at two extremes.

Bullet strategy

A strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly concentrated at one point on the yield curve.

Buy-and-hold strategy

A passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the time the portfolio is created until the end of the investment horizon.

Combination strategy

A strategy in which a put and with the same strike price and expiration are either both bought or both sold.

Covered call writing strategy

A strategy that involves writing a call option on securities that the investor owns in his or her portfolio. See covered or hedge option strategies.