Earnest money deposit
A deposit made by the potential home buyer to show that he or she is serious about buying the house.
Similar financial termsIn-the-money
An option that has a positive value if exercised immediately. For example, a call when the exercise price is below the current price of the underlying asset, or a put when the exercise price is above the current price of the underlying asset.
An option that has a negative value if exercised immediately. For example, a call when the exercise price is above the current price of the underlying asset, or a put when the exercise price is below the current price of the underlying asset.
Out-of-the-money options are usually not exercised.
An option that has zero value if exercised immediately. For example, a call or put when the exercise price is equal to the current price of the underlying asset.
A domestic dollar deposit is money within the context of the US economy while tue euro-dollar deposit is near money held y a bank branch in an offshore money market, such as Luxembourg. So the eurodollar market is a place where banks outside the US accept (borrow from customers) and place (lend) dollar deposits.
Transaction demand (for money)
The need to accommodate a firm's expected cash transactions.
Time value of money
The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar received today can earn interest up until the time the future dollar is received.
Speculative demand (for money)
The need for cash to take advantage of investment opportunities that may arise.
Precautionary demand (for money)
The need to meet unexpected or extraordinary contingencies with a buffer stock of cash.
A call option is out-of-the-money if the strike price is greater than the market price of the underlying security. A put option is out-of-the-money if the strike price is less than the market price of the underlying security.
In a Treasury auction, the amount by which the par value of the securities offered exceeds that of those maturing.
M1-A: Currency plus demand deposits
M1-B: M1-A plus other checkable deposits
M2: M1-B plus overnight repos, money market funds, savings, and small (less than $100M) time deposits.
M3: M-2 plus large time deposits and term repos.
L: M-3 plus other liquid assets.
Money rate of return
Annual money return as a percentage of asset value.
Money purchase plan
A defined benefit contribution plan in which the participant contributes some part and the firm contributes at the same or a different rate. Also called and individual account plan.
Money market notes
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
Money market hedge
The use of borrowing and lending transactions in foreign currencies to lock in the home currency value of a foreign currency transaction.
Money market fund
A mutual fund that invests only in short term securities, such as bankers' acceptances, commercial paper, repurchase agreements and government bills. The net asset value per share is maintained at $1. 00. Such funds are not federally insured, although the portfolio may consist of guaranteed securities and/or the fund may have private insurance protection.
Money market demand account
An account that pays interest based on short-term interest rates.
Money markets are for borrowing and lending money for three years or less. The securities in a money market can be U.S.government bonds, treasury bills and commercial paper from banks and companies.
Money center banks
Banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets , relying less on depositors for funds.
Composed of currency and coins outside the banking system plus liabilities to the deposit money banks.
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance margin loans to investors. The broker charges the investor the call money rate plus a service charge.
Bribe; payment to keep someone quiet
When a restricted money supply makes credit difficult to secure. The antithesis of tight money is easy money.
UK term for tight money.
Deep in the money
A call option with an exercise price substantially below the underlying stock's market price. Also put option with an exercise price substantially above the underlying stock's market price. Often substantially below is defined as more than one strike price below (for calls)/above (for puts) the current value of the underlying security.
Deep out of the money
A call option with an exercise pricesubstantially above the market price. Also put option with an exercise price substantially below the underlying stock's market price. Often substantially below is defined as more than one strike price below (for calls)/above (for puts) the current value of the underlying security.
American Depositary Receipts (ADRs)
Certificates issued by a U.S. depositary bank, representing foreign shares held by the bank, usually by a branch or correspondent in the country of issue. One ADR may represent a portion of a foreign share, one share or a bundle of shares of a foreign corporation. If the ADR's are "sponsored," the corporation provides financial information and other assistance to the bank and may subsidize the administration of the ADRs. "Unsponsored" ADRs do not receive such assistance. ADRs carry the same ...
Eurodollar demand deposit
Eurodollar demand deposit accounts are not often used or available, as the balances of such accounts would be volatile and the transaction costs incurred in such a service would reduce the overall efficiency and competitiveness of the eurodollar market. It is the latter factor that stimulates interest-rate-conscious corporate treasures and investment agencies to make eurodollar time deposits with banks in offshore centres.
Interest-bearing deposit at a savings institution that has a specific maturity.
Security deposit (initial)
Synonymous with the term margin. A cash amount of funds that must be deposited with the broker for each contract as a guarantee of fulfillment of the futures contract. It is not considered as part payment or purchase.
Accounts that pay interest, typically at below-market interest rates, that do not have a specific maturity, and that usually can be withdrawn upon demand.
Negotiated certificate of deposit
A large-denomination CD, generally $1MM or more, that can be sold but cannot be cashed in before maturity.
A book-entry depository for GNMA securities. The depository was initially operated by MBSCC and is currently in the process of becoming a separately incorporated, participant-owned, limitedpurpose trust company organized under the State of New York Banking Law.
Certificate of deposit (CD)
Also called a time deposit, this is a certificate issued by a bank or thrift that indicates a specified sum of money has been deposited. A CD bears a maturity date and a specified interest rate, and can be issued in any denomination. The duration can be up to five years.
A term deposit in a bank. Deposit notes, like medium-term notes, may serve as the basis for an equity or currency-linked risk management structure.
Market Index Deposits (MIDs)
Bank certificates of deposit or deposit notes with a return linked to the performance of an index, usually a stock market index.