# ERN

## Eritrean Nakfa from Eritrea. |

## Similar financial terms

Going-concern valueThe value of a company as a whole over and above the sum of the values of each of its parts; the value of organization learning and reputation.

Alternative Hypothesis

The hypothesis against which the null hypothesis is tested.

Internal Rate of Return (IRR)

The internal rate of Return (IRR) is the discount rate that equals the present value of a future steam of cash flows to the initial investment. The IRR can be thought of as the annualized rate of return (in percent) of an investment using compound interest rate calculations. The IRR calculation is very useful when a number of future cash flows on which an interest rate needs to be calculated.

Overnight position

Trader's long or short position in a currency at the end of a trading day.

Alternative mortgage instruments

Variations of mortgage instruments such as adjustable-rate and variablerate mortgages, graduated-payment mortgages, reverse-annuity mortgages, and several seldom-used variations.

Portfolio internal rate of return

The rate of return computed by first determining the cash flows for all the bonds in the portfolio and then finding the interest rate that will make the present value of the cash flows equal to the market value of the portfolio.

Payments pattern

Describes the lagged collection pattern of receivables, for instance the probability that a 72-day-old account will still be unpaid when it is 73-days-old.

Overnight repo

A repurchase agreement with a term of one day.

Overnight delivery risk

A risk brought about because differences in time zones between settlement centers require that payment or delivery on one side of a transaction be made without knowing until the next day whether the funds have been received in an account on the other side. Particularly apparent where delivery takes place in Europe for payment in dollars in New York.

Modern portfolio theory

Principles underlying the analysis and evaluation of rational portfolio choices based on risk-return trade-offs and efficient diversification.

London International Financial Futures Exchange

London International Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE) is a London exchange where Eurodollar futures as well as futures-style options are traded.

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which serves as a forum for monetary cooperation among several European central banks, the Bank of Japan, and the U.S. Federal Reserve System. Founded in 1930 to handle the German payment of World War I reparations, it now monitors and collects data on international banking activity and promulgates rules concerning international bank regulation.

International Fiscal Police (INTERFIPOL)

The tax crime counterpart to INTERPOL.

International Business Company (IBC)

An IBC is a corporation formed (incorporated) under a Company Act of a tax haven, but not authorized to do business within that country of incorporation; intended to be used for global operations. Owned by member(s)/shareholder(s). Has the usual corporate attributes.

International Financial and Banking Centre (IFC)

A country identified as being a tax haven.

International Criminal Police Organization

Commonly known as INTERPOL. The network of multinational law enforcement authorities established to exchange information regarding money laundering and other criminal activities. Currently more than 130 member nations.

Overnight Trade

A trade which is not liquidated on the same trading day in which it was established.