ECU

An index of foreign exchange consisting of about 10 European currencies, originally devised in 1979.

Similar financial terms

Amortizing securities
Securities that have an amortization schedule.

Non-amortizing securities
Securities that do not have an amortization schedule.

Fixed interest securities
Fixed interest securities relates to bonds, bills, stocks and debentures which offer a fixed rate of interest per period. The purchaser buys the income stream and the seller receives loan.

Yankee ECU bonds
Yankee ECU bonds refers to foreign-currency bonds issued in New York or Chicago in currencies other that US dollar.

Convertible securities
Bond or preferred stock that can be converted to common stock if the investor so chooses.

Variable price security
A security, such as stocks or bonds, that sells at a fluctuating, market-determined price.

Unsecured debt
Debt that does not identify specific assets that can be taken over by the debtholder in case of default.

Underlying security
For options it is the security subject to being purchased or sold upon exercise of an option contract. For example, Deutsche Bank stock is the underlying security to Deutsche Bank options.

For depository receipts it is the class, series and number of the foreign shares represented by the depository receipt.

Treasury securities
Securities issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Stripped mortgage-backed securities (SMBSs)
Securities that redistribute the cash flows from the underlying generic MBS collateral into the principal and interest components of the MBS to enhance their use in meeting special needs of investors.

Speculator
One, who attempts to anticipate price changes and, through buying and selling contracts, aims to make profits. A speculator does not use the market in connection with the production, processing, marketing or handling of a product.

Speculative motive
A desire to hold cash for the purpose of being in a position to exploit any attractive investment opportunity requiring a cash expenditure that might arise.

Speculative grade bond
Bond rated Ba or lower by Moody's, or BB or lower by S&P, or an unrated bond.

Speculative demand (for money)
The need for cash to take advantage of investment opportunities that may arise.

Security selection decision
Choosing the particular securities to include in a portfolio.

Security market plane
A plane that shows the equilibrium between expected return and the beta coefficient of more than one factor.

Security market line
Line representing the relationship between expected return and market risk.

Security deposit (initial)
Synonymous with the term margin. A cash amount of funds that must be deposited with the broker for each contract as a guarantee of fulfillment of the futures contract. It is not considered as part payment or purchase.

Security characteristic line
A plot of the excess return on a security over the risk-free rate as a function of the excess return on the market.

Security
Piece of paper that proves ownership of stocks, bonds and other investments.

Securitization
The process of creating a passthrough, such as the mortgage pass-through security, by which the pooled assets become standard securities backed by those assets. Also, refers to the replacement of nonmarketable loans and/or cash flows provided by financial intermediaries with negotiable securities issued in the public capital markets.

Secured debt
Debt that, in the event of default, has first claim on specified assets.

Public Securities Administration (PSA)
The trade association for primary dealers in US government securities, including MBSs.

Project loan securities
Securities backed by a variety of FHA-insured loan types - primarily multi-family apartment buildings, hospitals, and nursing homes.

Primitive security
An instrument such as a stock or bond for which payments depend only on the financial status of the issuer.

Pass-through securities
A pool of fixed-income securities backed by a package of assets (i.e. mortgages) where the holder receives the principal and interest payments.

Mortgage-backed securities (MBS)
Securities backed by a pool of mortgage loans.

Mortgage-Backed Securities Clearing Corporation
A wholly owned subsidiary of the Midwest Stock Exchange that operates a clearing service for the comparison, netting, and margining of agency-guaranteed MBSs transacted for forward delivery.

Mortgage pass-through security
Also called a passthrough, a security created when one or more mortgage holders form a collection (pool) of mortgages sells shares or participation certificates in the pool. The cash flow from the collateral pool is "passed through" to the security holder as monthly payments of principal, interest, and prepayments. This is the predominant type of MBS traded in the secondary market.

Monthly income preferred security (MIP)
Preferred stock issued by a subsidiary located in a tax haven. The subsidiary relends the money to the parent.

Manufactured housing securities (MHSs)
Loans on manufactured homes - that is, factory-built or prefabricated housing, including mobile homes.

Book-entry securities
The Treasury and federal agencies are moving to a book-entry system in which securities are not represented by engraved pieces of paper but are maintained in computerized records at the Fed in the names of member banks, which in turn keep records of the securities they own as well as those they are holding for customers. In the case of other securities where a book-entry has developed, engraved securities do exist somewhere in quite a few cases. These securities do not move from holder to ho ...

Convertible security
A security that can be converted into common stock at the option of the security holder, including convertible bonds and convertible preferred stock.

Cabinet security
A stock or bond listed on a major exchange with low daily traded volume.

Defensive securities
Low-risk stocks or bonds that will provide a predictable and safe return on an investor's money.

Executor
A person named in a will to administer an estate. The court will appoint an administrator if no executor is named. "Executrix" is the feminine form.

NedCo (Non-executive directors committee of BoE)
NedCo is a committee of the non-executive directors of the Bank of England. NedCo was established by the Bank of England Act 1998, and is responsible for reviewing the Bank's performance in relation to its objectives and strategy. They also determine the pay and conditions of the Governor, Deputy Governors and the four independent members of the Monetary Policy Committee.

The Securities Industry Protection Corporation
Commonly named the SIPC. Provides up to $500,000 insurance protection for your U.S. stock brokerage account.

Speculative Bubble
A rapid, but usually short-lived, run-up in prices caused by excessive buying which is unrelated to any of the basic, underlying factors affecting the supply or demand for the commodity. Speculative bubbles are usually associated with a "bandwagon" effect in which speculators rush to buy the commodity (in the case of futures, "to take positions") before the price trend ends, and an even greater rush to sell the commodity (unwind positions) when prices reverse.

Johannesburg Securities Exchange (JSE)
Established in 1886, the Johannesburg Securities Exchange is the only stock exchange in South Africa. Gold and mining stocks form the majority of shares listed. The discovery of the Witwatersrand goldfields in 1886 and the subsequent formation of mining and financial companies, meant investors needed a facility through which to buy and sell shares. Benjamin Woollan provided that facility when he founded the JSE in November 1887. The JSE was admitted as a member of the Federation Internatio ...

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Straddle

A long position in a call and a put with the same exercise price.


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